Sadness and depression have many common characteristics but, at the same time, they are two totally different concepts. They are often confused causing misinterpretations, which can lead to misunderstandings.
For this reason, today we want to report the 4 main differences between sadness and depression. In this way, we will learn to use the terms correctly and understand them better.
1. Depression is a psychological disorder
The main difference between sadness and depression is that the latter is a psychological disorder, while the former is simply an emotion caused by a situation that makes us suffer. One of the symptoms of depression is sadness, but this disorder also manifests others: apathy, anxiety, lack of hope, etc.
Sadness is a state of mind of circumstance. Sooner or later it passes, while the depression is lasting and gives rise to a chronic situation, which envelops the person suffering from it with malaise. Also, in order for a person to be diagnosed with depression, they must have had such symptoms for, at least, 6 months.
2. Sadness is a passing state of mind
As we have already said, sadness is a passing emotion, even if at times it can last longer than expected. Unlike depression, it is a normal and natural psychological reaction that does not involve a mental disorder.
Simply, when we face difficult circumstances or when someone has hurt us, this emotion surfaces without it being possible to avoid it. It happens to everyone and we shouldn’t be afraid of it.
Precisely for this reason, sadness shouldn’t worry us too much. It is normal to feel sad when we lose a loved one, when a relationship ends, when we leave home, etc. Sadness indicates that something important to us has changed or is over. However, over time, the sadness fades.
3. Apulia and depression
Apulia is the lack of energy and willpower to do anything. This affects people suffering from depression, as they find themselves unable to carry out their activities every day. For example, a depressed person may miss work because they are unable to get out of bed in the morning.
This does not happen when we are sad. Even if we bear the weight of this emotion on our shoulders, we can continue to carry out our daily activities and responsibilities, perhaps with less effort or less enthusiasm. However, our work and commitments are not affected.
4. When sadness goes beyond …
It is true that one thing can cause the other, so if we are sad for too long, we may begin to suffer from depression. A sad person cries, has very low self-esteem, is uselessly thirsty, sees everything gray, has no enthusiasm … If this continues over time, it can cause deep depression.
This is why psychologists prefer to let a certain amount of time pass before stating that a patient is suffering from depression. It is normal to feel sad one day, two, or maybe even a week. However, feeling sad for two consecutive months is not good for anyone.
As you have seen, the differences between being sad and depressed are remarkable, even though sadness is one of the symptoms of depression. However, we must take into account that, while sadness does not need therapy, depression must be treated appropriately.
In a picture of sadness, the support of family members and a change of air may be enough. When it comes to depression, things work differently.
Finally, being sad is very different from being depressed. Perhaps the confusion arises from words like “depressive”, synonymous with “depressing”, but also largely linked to the word “depression”.
In this case, being depressed has nothing to do with depression. Incorrect use of the terms can make us question their real meaning. Have you ever confused depression with sadness?