Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a very common infection that can affect the hands and feet. It is accompanied by a series of changes in the appearance of the nails, including the appearance of wavy, yellowish color and an annoying itchy sensation.
Usually, nail fungus is the result of a reduction in the body’s immune response. However, it can also be caused by:
- Excessive sweating
- Some types of footwear
- Exposure to contaminated surfaces
Even if the presence of fungi does not represent a serious health problem, it is essential to intervene, not only for aesthetic reasons, but also because they can cause pain and other complications.
Also, it is good to know some important facts about this problem, so that you can take some preventive measures. Discover them!
1. Nail fungus is contagious
Although it is not a highly contagious infection, it is very important to take into account that fungi can be transmitted in certain situations.
Although there is no risk of infecting a person who is simply close to us, there is a high probability of suffering from it if you share socks, shoes and nail clippers.
Furthermore, microorganisms can also remain on surfaces such as the shower or the floor, so it is necessary to use suitable shoes for the bathroom.
2. There are habits that help prevent them
It is proven that practicing a few healthy habits can help reduce the risk of developing this condition. In addition to not sharing personal items, it is convenient to keep your nails clean, free from moisture and short.
After getting out of the shower and before putting on shoes, the feet should be dried with an absorbent towel or cloth. In addition, the socks must be made of breathable material, which does not retain moisture.
On the other hand, it is essential to follow a balanced diet, rich in nutrients that allow to strengthen the immune system.
3. Not all treatments are effective
The application of natural remedies can be very useful in reducing and controlling infections caused by microorganisms.
However, in some cases they are not effective, as the fungi manage to survive these effects and continue to proliferate. The best thing, therefore, is to contact your doctor to receive pharmacological treatment for both topical and oral use.
These options tend to provide better results, although they can take several months to take effect.
4. They are a common problem
Nail fungus in most cases is caused by dermatophyte fungi, which tend to develop easily in humid and warm environments.
Many are ashamed of suffering from it, but it is a very common problem among the population. In fact, more than half of people suffer from it, at least once in a lifetime.
Susceptibility to infections increases with age, and as they are initially difficult to identify, many may suffer from it without knowing it.
5. Excess moisture increases the chance of mycosis
Washing your hands too often or keeping your nails in constant contact with water is another factor that increases the risk of contracting this type of infection.
This is because excessive humidity damages the protective layer of the nails and weakens the cuticles, thus facilitating the passage and development of microorganisms.
6. Their appearance is related to athlete’s foot
Most patients with nail fungus problems have suffered or suffer from the disease known as athlete’s foot.
It is also an infection caused by fungi, characterized by a set of problems in the skin that lines the feet.
It is very common among athletes and swimmers, as they are continually exposed to environments that facilitate the growth of fungi.
7. They can indicate other diseases
The sudden onset of nail fungus can indicate a chronic health problem, such as circulatory difficulties, diabetes, or a vulnerable immune system.
The risk of contracting fungi is greater when you suffer from skin problems such as psoriasis or dermatitis. Now that you know all the facts about nail fungus, check them regularly to prevent them from developing.