The appearance of spots on the skin is one of the most feared aesthetic problems by people. Unfortunately, exposure to sunlight, age, hormonal imbalances and many other factors contribute to increasing the risk of its occurrence. For this reason, more and more people are choosing to apply depigmenting creams.
These products contain components that help reduce skin hyperpigmentation, giving the skin a younger and more uniform appearance. Nevertheless, to get good results it is important to know how to apply them in the right way. We tell you about it in this article.
What are depigmenting creams?
Depigmenting creams are cosmetic products that help reduce or eliminate the spots that appear on the skin. Their active components block melanin in the affected areas, at the same time they stimulate hydration and cell regeneration.
According to a fact sheet published by the NHS Foundation Trust, they may contain a combination of several medicines, including hydroquinone, retinoids and corticosteroids. Each of these substances exerts different actions on the skin. Let’s see them in detail:
- Hydroquinone or hydroquinone monobenzylether : this is a substance that helps inhibit the overproduction of melanocytes (pigmented cells).
- Retinoids : substances such as tretinoin and retinoic acid, which help stimulate the regeneration of skin cells. In addition to this, they facilitate the penetration of hydroquinone into the skin.
- Corticosteroids : they are able to reduce and prevent skin inflammation. The most common example is hydrocortisone.
In addition to the substances already mentioned, depigmenting creams may contain vitamin C, kojic acid, adapalene gel (also a retinoid) or azelaic acid. Some also contain plant extracts such as bearberry, arbutin, licorice, chamomile or mulberry.
How to apply depigmenting creams?
It is important to take into account that depigmenting creams do not have an instant effect. In general, in fact, the treatment of skin spots represents a challenge that takes a long time. The ideal is to consult the dermatologist to know the options available for each individual case.
Being constant in their application is a determining factor in achieving good results. Consequently, it is very important to know that the effects start to become visible between 6 and 12 months after the first application. It is recommended to apply them once or twice a day.
How to use
- A thin layer of depigmenting cream must be applied to the stain. As we have said, this application must be repeated up to twice a day, according to the indications of the dermatologist.
- Before and after applying the product, it is important to wash your hands well and avoid skin-to-skin contact with other people for at least one hour after application.
- Avoid applying the cream near the eyes or around the eyelid area. Specific products are available for these areas.
- The application is not recommended even if the skin has scratches, burns or rashes.
The sunscreen: the ideal product
If you want to prevent and treat skin spots, there is a product that cannot be missed: sunscreen. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, applying sunscreen is essential, even when it rains or snows.
The ideal, therefore, is to choose a composition that offers an SPF 30 or higher protection factor. In addition, it is good that it contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. If you have oily skin, non-comedogenic alternatives can help avoid blockages or rashes.
Are there any risks in using depigmenting creams?
Based on their composition, depigmenting creams can cause photosensitivity. Consequently, they should only be applied in the evening. Side effects that have been observed in their use include mild skin irritation and allergic reactions such as burning, itching and dermatitis.
Should these symptoms occur, its use must be discontinued immediately and the dermatologist consulted.
Bodies such as the American Academy of Dermatology report that some creams contain mercury and other ingredients that are harmful to the skin. It is therefore advisable to choose only those dermatologically tested.