Today there are two ways adopted when you want to lose weight: follow a low-calorie meal plan or stick to the latest trendy diet. However, diets do not always work or in some cases the expected results are not achieved.
The main problem concerns the maintenance of a healthy weight over time. About 95% of people who follow a weight loss diet regain the lost pounds after a short time. Some even end up weighing more than when they started the diet.
Globally, obesity has been a major health problem in many countries for decades. And although nutrition and physical activity are the two pillars on which therapy should be based, it seems that at the moment no more effective formula has been found.
Towards personalized nutrition
Nutrition is one of the factors that most affect our state of health. And this is also true in the case of obesity. But there are more aspects that come into play when a person wants to lose weight.
Many of these are personal and it is not possible, therefore, to apply the general guidelines. In fact, there are no diets that are valid for everyone. Some have positive effects on some individuals, who lose weight, but for others they may not be valid or even harmful.
In many cases it may even be necessary to adapt the diet in the course of work, as what works at the beginning may no longer have an effect in a few weeks or months. The secret is to find the right diet for each person.
It is therefore important to take into account more factors, not just the calories ingested or those burned. Would you like to know more about it? Below we explain which aspects to evaluate in order to reach the ideal weight.
Why don’t diets always work?
There are several factors to consider when starting a weight loss diet. Some of these are controllable and more mouldable than others over which, however, we have little control. Let’s see why diets don’t work in some cases.
1. Power supply
Foods are the main energy source for the body. Furthermore, nutrients are very important for health. For this reason, eating habits will be one of the keys to a diet’s success.
Some considerations considered universal have undergone some changes over time thanks to new scientific discoveries. Thus, eating 5 times a day, not skipping breakfast, choosing light foods or avoiding fats are some myths that have joined the ranks of commonplaces about nutrition.
The ideal is that the meal plan adapts to each person: their schedules, their food tastes and their appetite. And which is based on fresh foods typical of the traditional diet of each country.
This favors adherence to the diet, one of the factors that have proved to be fundamental to achieving the objectives. The more satisfied we are with the diet, the longer we will be able to follow it.
2. Metabolism: A factor that explains why diets don’t always work
Metabolism can be defined as the set of chemical reactions activated by the body to preserve its daily functions. This phenomenon plays a key and vital role for our health. It also affects our body weight.
An accelerated metabolism burns more energy and promotes weight and body fat loss. Keeping your metabolism active is the key to diet success. Still, it’s not an easy task, as it partly depends on our genetics. Some practices that can promote the acceleration of metabolism are:
- Engage in physical activity that activates him. Strength exercises are important, as more muscle mass is more metabolically active than fat.
- Keep active throughout the day.
- Eat enough.
- Eat enough protein at every meal.
3. The intestinal flora
Over 100 million intestinal bacteria live in our intestines. The intestinal flora of each of us has a unique composition and is determined by diet, environment and lifestyle.
We have long known that keeping the bacterial flora healthy improves the immune system and the conditions of certain intestinal problems. This aspect is also associated with obesity and maintaining a healthy weight.
On top of that, some studies done by Dr. Jeffrey Gordon and his team indicate that overweight mice and humans have more bacteroids than firmicutes. And this composition of the intestinal flora seems to favor the consumption of calories.
Another study, conducted by biologist Marisela Gonzáles Ávila and carried out at the Research and Assistance Center in Technology and Design in Jalisco (Mexico), states the following:
Although only part of the success of weight loss diets depends on the gut microbiota, these are important discoveries that require further study.
4. The hormones
A large number of hormones are produced in our body which are responsible for various aspects, such as sleep, hunger, reproduction and metabolism. The way the body consumes and releases energy is regulated by hormones.
Some hormones that play a role in weight control are leptin, grenaline, insulin, glycagon or cortosol. Understanding how they work and what aspects regulate them opens the door to new approaches to obesity. Diet, sleep or exercise affect our body’s hormonal responses. They allow us, for example, to feel full, avoid the accumulation of fat in adipocytes and regulate the ingestion of food.
The best advice for a successful diet is to consult with specialists and follow a personalized plan. Still not getting results? Take this into account and follow the recommendations of your nutritionist.