Diverticulosis is a problem where the lining of the colon comes out in the form of small pockets, which causes discomfort and pain when certain foods are ingested. In this article we show you which foods you should avoid if you suffer from this problem.
Some information on diverticulosis
As we have just told you, it is the presence of small sacs, hernias or swellings in the intestine, precisely in the section of the colon.
It is a very common disease that has no symptoms, except that waste materials or food particles get stuck in these bumps or diverticula, causing the proliferation of bacteria.
It is at this point that the pains in the lower and left side of the abdomen begin, which are the first clue. You should also be careful if you suffer from diarrhea followed by constipation, fever, nausea, vomiting, etc.
After suffering an episode of diverticulosis, there is a risk of up to 45% that it will return. Doctors advise us which foods not to eat or at least try to avoid so that the situation does not get worse.
What foods are prohibited in case of diverticulosis?
- Whole grains : Avoid consuming products derived from whole grains, such as popcorn, cornbread, oat flakes, or any food prepared with bran or brown rice. All of these contain large amounts of fibers that are difficult to digest or that could get stuck in the diverticula, making the situation worse. To replace them, opt for refined grains such as pasta, rice, baked goods or refined white flour cookies.
- Fruits and vegetables : it is clear that you cannot live without these foods, but at least during the period in which you suffer from diverticulosis it is advisable not to consume them. Avoid especially dried or dried fruit, such as raisins, because they have a lot of fiber. Also stay away from berries (such as tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, grapes) and berries, because their seeds are difficult to digest, and likewise avoid cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage or cauliflower. Do not drink fruit juices with pulp and make sure that all the vegetables you consume are well cooked before eating them, so you will decrease the fiber and digest them more easily. Also avoid almost all raw fruit, with the exception of peaches, avocado, cantaloupe and bananas. All the others must absolutely be peeled and not even have a seed.
- Meat and protein : Choose tender or minced cuts of meat, fish (of any type) and eggs as the main sources of protein. These foods do not irritate the colon and are easy to digest. Do not consume strong cheeses because they contain large amounts of casein, bad for diverticulosis. Eliminate all dishes that contain seeds or nuts, such as peanut butter, from the menu. Cut back on portions of peas, beans and legumes, as you know they are a great source of fiber.
- Skin, peel, spices – these three foods are also prohibited, because they increase inflammation during illness. This means that both the fruit and vegetables and the meat must have neither peel nor skin. Even spices when they are very hot are harmful to the body.
- Exciting drinks : in this group you will find coffee, tea, mate, chocolate and fizzy drinks. All of them are intestinal irritants. In addition, caffeine, included in almost all these drinks, contracts the muscles of the colon and has the ability to eliminate the water contained in the stool, increasing constipation. If you find it very difficult to eliminate coffee, start by replacing it with decaf, but try to eliminate it completely as soon as possible.
Recommendations, tips and remedies for diverticulosis
- Drink large amounts of water (between six and eight glasses per day)
- Go to the bathroom as soon as you feel the urge, do not wait because it could make the situation worse
- Do exercises to strengthen the muscles of the legs, hips and colon to facilitate bowel movements
- Do not use laxatives or enemas if you suffer from constipation, as they can further irritate the intestines and create addiction, as the excretory system does not function properly.
- Avoid consuming highly processed or fatty foods, or even spicy, fried or very sugary foods
- Avoid any food that contains seeds ; chew well before swallowing, as the fragments can get stuck in the diverticula causing pain and inflammation
- Eat baby food or mashed vegetables or cooked fruit. You can also make pulp-free smoothies to stimulate cure during treatment
The most recommended plants to treat diverticulosis are:
- Chamomile : reduces inflammation and calms pain. Consume at least one cup a day.
- Mint: used to soothe swelling in the abdomen, pain, nausea and flatulence. Drink up to three cups a day.
- Oregano : reduces inflammation of the colon.
- Thyme : is a source of fiber and analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory compounds. You can use it as a dressing for soups, sauces or salads.
- Turmeric : is a natural anti-inflammatory that is used for all types of inflammation and to reduce diverticula.