First of all, it is very important to know that psoriasis is not a contagious disease. A person cannot receive it from another person and, in turn, cannot pass it on. What can happen is that it can spread to other parts of the body as it develops. How can we prevent psoriasis?
This skin disease is a very common autoimmune disorder in the population. It is caused by excessive production and accumulation of cells on the skin, resulting in the appearance of red, dry and thick spots in areas such as elbows, knees and scalp, among others.
Symptoms can be mild or severe depending on the type of psoriasis and the measures taken to treat it. It is therefore essential to know what can trigger its onset and how to improve the lifestyle to make the condition more bearable. Let’s see below some tips to prevent psoriasis .
Why psoriasis occurs
Depending on the type of psoriasis and the immune response, it can manifest itself in different ways in each person. The most common form is plaque psoriasis, with thick, shiny scales or patches that can be accompanied by dryness, redness, itching, and sometimes pain.
According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, mild cases manifest with spots that cover up to 3 percent of the body. On the other hand, the most severe cases of the disease can affect up to 10%. Although its exact causes have not been established, two key factors have been identified: genetics and the immune system.
Certain environmental components and lifestyles could influence the onset or worsening of the disease. While some causes are difficult to avoid, others can be kept at bay to reduce the risk of complications. The most common are:
- Infections anywhere on the body
- Cuts or burns
- Constant exposure to stress
- Dry air, either due to external atmospheric conditions or in excessively heated indoor rooms.
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Taking certain medications (such as lithium or high blood pressure medications)
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Suffering from obesity
Tips for preventing psoriasis
For obvious reasons, the best way to prevent psoriasis from spreading to other parts of the body is to improve your lifestyle. This reduces the exposure to possible triggers and thus completes the medical treatment.
1. Adopt a healthy diet
Maintaining a healthy diet is one of the essential habits to avoid psoriasis outbreaks or its worsening. Those suffering from psoriasis must correct their eating habits, completely avoiding alcohol, gluten sources and all types of irritating foods.
Instead, it is convenient to increase the intake of foods rich in omega-3, vitamin D and antioxidants ; vegetables, fruit and fish oil are highly beneficial. However, it is best to plan your diet with your doctor, as nutritional needs can vary from person to person.
2. Avoid smoking
Tobacco is as bad as alcohol for psoriasis patients. In fact, its consumption is listed as one of the causes of the onset of the disease. If you have a bad habit of smoking, it is essential to have access to some strategies to limit your consumption.
3. Protect the skin
Skin care plays an important role in preventing psoriasis. Since the disease directly impairs skin health, those habits that can protect us from certain environmental factors must be strengthened.
Sunburn, pollution, and cuts can aggravate symptoms. That is why the following tips should be followed:
- Make sure you use sunscreen every day. Use bland formulas, with components that do not cause allergies.
- Moisturize your skin every day with a sensitive skin cream. Also, drink plenty of water throughout the day.
- Beware of cuts or scratches, which must be treated properly.
- If possible, install a humidifier to keep the air in your home or office at the correct degree of humidity. This minimizes the risk of dryness.
- Avoid using perfumes or irritating products. Also, you need to avoid overheated showers.
4. Stress management
It is normal to have stressful episodes when psoriasis symptoms worsen or show no improvement. However, good management of these emotions is crucial, as stress negatively impacts the disease. To reduce it, it is recommended to:
- Have flexible working hours.
- Devote time to enjoyable activities.
- Spend time with family or friends.
- Maintain a healthy body through diet and exercise.
- Include meditation and breathing exercises in your daily activities.
5. Sleep well
Sleeping at least 7 or 8 without interruption can help prevent the onset of psoriasis. Sleeping well strengthens the functions of the immune system, slows down stress and helps maintain adequate weight. All of this has a positive effect on psoriasis control.
However, it should not be ignored that psoriasis symptoms can cause sleep disturbances. It is therefore necessary to adopt simple strategies, such as wearing suitable clothes, creating an adequate environment in the bedroom and avoiding the use of distracting elements (computer, smartphone, tablet or similar).
Are we worried about the spread of psoriasis to other parts of the body? We take into account the recommendations provided and carry out regular medical examinations to assess the condition of the disease and learn about other treatment options.